Oysterrecover's aim is to recover the oyster population and make it resistant to diseases. (Photo: oysterecover.eu)
Reseachers look to reactivate production of flat oysters
Wednesday, August 18, 2010, 16:20 (GMT + 9)
The Marine Technology Centre
(CETMAR) is set to launch a project to recover the production of flat oysters (Ostrea edulis
) on the coastlines of the European Union (EU).
The initiative will be funded by the European Union and has the support of the Centre of Marine Investigations
(CIMA), under the Ministry of the Sea. 15 other partners will also participate, among whom are the research group of Acuigen, from the University of Santiago de Compostela as well as the Fishermen's Association and the companies Noia and José María Daporta Leiro e Hijos.
The project 'Oysterecover', which runs until 2012, aims to not only recover the oyster population, but also establish programs to ensure a crop resistant to bonamiosis (infection with the parasite Bonamia ostrae).
The flat oyster is native to Europe and has been widely consumed for centuries. But due to the high mortality of the mollusc, partly due to being over-exploitated in some areas, their populations declinined in the first half of the twentieth century.
Members of the initiative, like Xunta de Galicia
, wish them to meet expectations, and to create strains resistant to highly tolerant bonamiosis.
The spread of infections such as bonamiosis, occurred in the 1970s and 1980s, and dramatically reduced the presence of the resource in traditional growing areas, reports La Voz de Galicia.
Since those years, flat oyster production remained at very low levels and numerous attempts to eradicate the diseases failed in many of the EU countries.
By Analia Murias