The Falkland Islands Government Fisheries Department is responsable for the sustainable of the fisheries occurring within the waters of the Falklands Conservation Zone.
The Falkland Island Government introduced a High seas fishing ordinance in 1995. This ordinance makes provision for the implementation of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) agreement to promote compliance with international conservation and management measures by fishing vessels on the high seas. It also makes provision for implementing the United Nations agreement relating to the conservation of straddling and highly migratory fish stocks. As a consequence all fishing vessels registered in the Falkland Islands require licences to fish on the high seas. They are obliged to provide daily position reports together with details of their catches.
The Department of Natural Resources, incorporating Agriculture and Fisheries, came into being on 1 October 2009. Mr.John Barton was appointed the first Director.