As 90 percent of marine resources in the sea of Myeik archipelago is depleting in Taninthayi Region, prawn farming is being extended, said entrepreneurs.
Local businesspeople have to pay greater attention to farming so that their businesses will not stop operation due to marine resource shortages caused by overfishing in the sea.
The extended farming plan comes as seawater prawn faming is more successful on the islands.
"We are losing about 90 percent of marine resources in the sea. So we established prawn farming. If fish and prawn catching no longer exists in the sea, people and staff from this marine industry will get into trouble. We do this mainly to prevent those businesses from ceasing operation, to improve State revenue and to ensure regional development. Our company has about 360 staff, 70 percent of whom are from Kyunsu Township. We are doing prawn farming in vacant lands and salt fields. There is little land that is being depleted. But we do crop-substitute cultivation. Last week, we planted about 80,000 trees. Currently, we are planning to plant over 100,000 saplings in Kyagyiaw," said Kyaw Lin, manager of Pyi Phyo Tun Seawater Fish Farming Company.
British waters are critical to the Irish fishing industry with the two top species - mackerel and prawns - 60 percent and 40 percent respectively dependent on UK seas. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has vowed deliver Brexit by taking the UK out of the European Union on January 31, and giving the EU a tight deadline of before the end of next year to agree a free trade agreement with the UK. Sean O’Donoghue, the chief executive of the Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation, has warned the Irish fishing industry is 30 percent dependent on UK waters.
He said Boris Johnson has “signed up for this”, which is a “good starting point”, but warned building a solid foundation does not mean a positive result will come from this.
Irish vessels, which catch around a third of landings off Britain, will continue to be able to fish in those wars for now.
Following an investigation, the global services and accounting organisation KPMG delivered a potentially crushing verdict last week on the organisation, essentially saying its systems, planning and monitoring supervision practices were not fit for purpose.
KPMG also said that management, the use of resources and some aspects of security were simply not good enough, adding that significant improvements were urgently needed.
Seafood Norway, the body which represents fishing and aquaculture companies, has welcomed the report.
Its CEO, Geir Ove Ystmark, said Norway had market access to more than 140 countries so it was vital the seafood industry had an efficient and well-functioning food inspection body to watch over catching, processing and the entire value chain in the aquaculture sector.
Tbong sits in the shade of a makeshift stilt hut over the edge of Tonlé Sap lake, surrounded by curious children.
“Snake, catfish, elephant fish …” he says, his eyes crinkled against the sun. “Before, a long time ago … the lake had a lot of catfish.”
But in just one generation, everything has changed. Fish species are dwindling, plant life is dying and the entire Mekong system is breaking apart. For the children gathered around Tbong, a plentiful Tonlé Sap is nothing but a story.
Situated in the heart of the lower Mekong basin, Tonlé Sap is the largest freshwater lake in south-east Asia. The lake and its surrounding floodplains were designated a Unesco biosphere reserve in 1997 and the lake supports the breeding, feeding and harvesting of hundreds of species of fish and other freshwater produce.
The Cabinet has decided to extend the allocation of quotas for expired right holders to allow them to catch one third of the Total Allowable Catch, for various species until end of 2019/2020 financial year.
The Minister of Information and Communication Technology says this measure is to maintain and allow stability in the fishing industry.
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