Indian shrimp aquaculture grew substantially in 2009-10 due to higher contributions from Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. (Photo: GPLv3)
Aquaculture output up by 30 pct
Monday, May 24, 2010, 23:30 (GMT + 9)
Aquaculture production grew by over 30 per cent during the 2009-10 financial year due significantly to higher output in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Total production reached 106,000 tonnes and exports also increased, the Marine Product Exports Development Authority (MPEDA) informed.
Aquaculture production and exports may also jump this fiscal year, as coastal farms are launching vannamei farming in 1,170 ha, said Anwar Hashim, national president of the Seafood Exporters Association of India (SEAI).
Production in coastal aquaculture fell in 2008-9 at 88,803 tonnes with an estimated value of INR 19.15 billion (USD 406.6 million), according to MPEDA. Aquaculture spanning 108,000 ha bred 75,997 tonnes of shrimp.
The decline was around 28.4 per cent in production and 10.9 per cent in area compared to the year prior, Financial Express reports.
Freshwater prawn (scampi) production was 12,806 tonnes from an aquaculture area of 1,644 ha during the year -- a 53 per cent- fall in production and 63 per cent in area use. The drop in production was ascribed to the global economic recession, which spawned lower international seafood prices and for shrimp in particular.
Further, the profitability and production of Indian black tiger shrimp is being adversely impacted by competition from cheaper vannamei farmed in Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia, among other Asian countries, MPEDA said.
India mostly raises black tiger shrimp and processing plants are currently running at just about 30 per cent capacity. Asian export rivals have been boosting their shrimp production.
Black tiger shrimps are more expensive to raise yet have lower yields than vannamei. According to SEAI, the cost of production for vannamei is USD 2.29 per kg, or half that for black tiger shrimp.
Farmers can raise 20 tonnes of small-to-medium vannamei per ha versus 2-3 tonnes of large monodon per ha. Additionally, shrimps’ survival rate in most of farms is just about 40 per cent due to shrimp diseases still ravaging black tiger farms.
Meanwhile, the survival rate of vannamei approaches 95-98 per cent.
But the price of this farmed species is at least 15 per cent higher than vannamei’s in the global market.
- White prawns to be cultivated in 2010
By Natalia Real