Cultivation of trout. (Photo: Piscifactorias de los Andes, Piscis/FIS)
Trout becomes most produced aquaculture species
Tuesday, December 14, 2010, 02:00 (GMT + 9)
The Peruvian aquaculture industry got mixed results in 2010: while production expanded considerably, both domestic consumption and exports of these products had fallen over the previous year.
According to a report by the Peruvian Association of Aquaculture Professionals (Asoppac), trout was the product which obtained the highest growth in production during 2010, with an increase of 19 per cent. This was followed by tilapia (14.5 per cent) and shrimp (7.5 per cent).
However, it is estimated that by the end of 2010, domestic consumption of aquaculture products decreased by 25 per cent compared to last year, when it had shown an increase of 17.48 per cent.
The president of Asoppac, Nicolas Hurtado, explained that "the consumption of trout, tilapia and gamitana, was significantly reduced, as well as shrimp and scallops," which fell by 80 per cent.
It is also estimated that aquaculture exports declined overall by 18 per cent at the end of the year, except for trout, which maintained an upward trend.
Trout shipments grew by almost 33 per cent last year compared to 2008, which generated USD 4.2 billion in revenues and is projected that by the end of 2010 it will register a slight growth of 3.8 per cent.
According to Asoppac, this increase is due to improved performance of the product prices at international level, the main destinations were Canada, Norway and Germany.
As for the rest of the species exported, Hurtado said, for example, that scallops saw the best results in 2009, an increase of 114 per cent in export volume and with a value of USD 46.7 million, although a small decline is expected for the end of 2010.
As for shrimp exports, which increased its shipments by 39 per cent in 2009, the president of Asoppac estimated a decline of more than 23 per cent by the end of this year.
The decline in commodity prices internationally and the strong competition in major markets are the main causes of the collapse of Peru's exports.
However, the aquaculture industry representative pointed out that some increased their purchases, such as the United States and Spain.
- Exports of trout increase significantly
By Silvina Corniola