Aquaculture by-products can be used for cosmetics, agriculture and nutrition. (Photo: Stock File/Ctaqua)
Ctaqua proposes new uses for aquaculture by-products
Friday, April 01, 2011, 23:10 (GMT + 9)
In the Autonomous Region of Andalusia, in southern Spain, 55 per cent of aquaculture by-products are included in the Animal By-products Not Intended for Human Consumption category, with an estimated annual volume of 1,374 tonnes.
Because treating the waste generated by the sector in Andalusia is complicated and expensive, it is important to research the possibility of providing these by-products with added value, optimising sustainability and increasing environmental commitment.
With this in mind, Ctaqua, the Andalusian Aquaculture Technology Centre, located in El Puerto de Santa María (Cádiz), has been working for the past year on a project called “Evaluation of Aquaculture Animal By-products Not Intended for Human Consumption,” financed by the Department of Innovation, Science and Business of Andalucía.
Included in Ctaqua’s Environmental scope, this initiative also focuses on transferring technology to aquaculture companies in Andalusia, so they may treat their by-products on site, transforming them into sources of profit for the fish farmer, while improving production.
Specifically, Ctaqua has focused on the production of high-quality compost, effective use of ground mollusc shells and extraction of fish oil.
In order to obtain the compost, Ctaqua collaborated with the TEP-181 Research Group for Environmental Technologies of the University of Cádiz, both in the design and execution of a pilot plant, and in the development of a production protocol.
The compost was tested in collaboration with various organisations, including the Agroindustry Technological Centre (ADESVA), where its properties as fertilizer were evaluated for use in strawberry crops. The Institute for Training in Agriculture and Fishery of Andalusia (IFAPA), located in Chipiona (Cádiz), researched the compost’s viability for use as a crop substrate for annual or seasonal plants.
Another experience involved the use of sea bream and sea bass viscera to obtain products with high added value, including DHA (roughly 90 per cent pure) in its ethyl ester form, suitable for human consumption and providing health benefits. Ctaqua developed this work in collaboration with the "Biomolecular Chemistry and Food Processes" and "Aquatic Ecology and Aquaculture" research groups from the University of Almería.
In addition, fish oil rich in DHA and EPA was obtained in collaboration with the National Association of Canned Fish and Mollusc Manufacturers (ANFACO-CECOPESCA). These components are important for the development of the central nervous system, and the immunological and circulatory systems.
More interesting results that prove the effective use of aquaculture animal by-products involved grinded Crassotrea gigas shells, with which Ctaqua and SANASUR Laboratories developed an exfoliating masque and a moisturising cream.
SANASUR Laboratories identified ground mollusc shells as an excellent raw material for use in cosmetics, thanks to the high content of calcium carbonate and mother-of-pearl, and the shells’ exfoliating and revitalising properties.
After obtaining excellent results with the creams, which will soon be available in pharmacies under the brand “Sanasur Cosmetics,” the company is now working on other products using this raw material as a base, including depigmentation creams, exfoliating gel and glycerine soap. This raw material can also be used as a dietary supplement, for additional calcium.
Doubtless, this project is proof of how innovation and research can contribute to increasing the profitability of resources and improving environmental sustainability.