Oyster farming. (Photo: Edison Barbieri, pesca.sp.gov.br)
Oyster farming encouraged in Paraná
Tuesday, May 03, 2011, 16:40 (GMT + 9)
The Ministry of Fishery and Aquaculture (MPA) gave artisanal fishermen of Paraná the first authorizations to use coastal water to develop sustainable oyster farming projects.
It is expected that the new activity generates income for the families of artisanal fishermen in the area as they are in a socio-economic vulnerable conditions due to the reduced fishing quotas.
This time, 101 families will benefit from the oyster farming through the implementation of 11 projects in Guaratuba, Paranaguá, Pontal do Paraná and Guaraqueçaba.
According to the MPA superintendent in Paraná, José Wigineski, five full time professionals have already been hired to serve fishermen.
To develop these 11 initiatives, Paraná Institute of Technical Assistance and Rural Extension (Emater), the Paraná Environmental Institute and the Ministry of Science and Technology are offering their support.
The state coordinator of the Emater Aquaculture and Fishery Project, Luiz Danilo Muehlmann, stated that fishermen will receive an average monthly income of two national minimum wages.
"Every family is receiving the authorization to occupy 1,600 square meters of water, 200 square meters with effective farming and 1,400 square meters area considered as a dilution one. The production of each family must reach the 3,500 dozen oysters a year," he explained.
Proponents of the projects also aim to achieve a technological development, the government of the State of Paraná informed.
"The water temperature, transparency, pH and salinity are measured daily, in addition to data on labor, income and expenses of farms," said Muehlmann.
Today, on the coast of Paraná about 6,000 fishermen work and most of them depend on artisanal fishing for a living.
Astrogildo José Gomes de Melo, Emater fishing engineer in Paranaguá, believes that "there is an urgent search for alternative income generation, for example, with oyster farming."
"Today, the collection of income depends on the location of fish schools, the weather, the sea conditions. When the worker enters the mariculture, he stops being an adventurer to become the manager of his own business, capable of programming their profits," Gomes de Melo explained.
By Analia Murias