Sea bream production fell almost 17 per cent between 2010 and 2011. (Photo: Stock File)
Sea bream production falls, turbot one rises
Thursday, July 05, 2012, 00:30 (GMT + 9)
Spain produced 42,675 tonnes of farmed marine fish in 2011, a figure which shows a 2.8 per cent decline over the previous year, according to the Business Association of Marine Aquaculture Producers (Apromar).
While the overall production declined -- with sea bream and croaker drops -- increases were recorded in sea bass and turbot production.
Last year, Spain produced 14,367 tonnes of farmed sea bass, that is to say, 15 per cent more than in 2010 (12,495 tonnes). The Region of Murcia was the main autonomous community producing sea bass, with 27.5 per cent of the national total.
The rest of the production is distributed among Andalusia (27.1 per cent), Canary Islands (24.2 per cent), Valencia (19.4 per cent) and Catalonia (1.7 per cent), the report issued by Apromar states.
Furthermore, the Spanish production of turbot reached 7,755 tonnes in 2011, representing 12.2 per cent from a year earlier (6,910 tonnes). Farmers from Galicia contributed 99 per cent of the total production.
Apromar also reports that farmed sea bream production in the country in 2011 was 16,930 tonnes, a figure showing a 16.8 per cent drop over the previous year (20,360 tonnes).
This decrease has been observed for three years but it has never occurred before "in the history of sea bream farming in Spain," the Association highlights in the report.
In 2011, Valencia led farmed sea bream production with 40.8 per cent of the total, followed by Murcia (20.5 per cent), Canary Islands (19.2 per cent), Andalusia (10.7 per cent) and Catalonia (8.7 per cent).
Sea bream production drop was recorded in almost all autonomous regions, except in Catalonia.
Meanwhile, last year 2,879 tonnes of farmed croaker was obtained, 11.4 per cent less than in 2010 (3,250 tonnes). The causes of this reduction are, on the one hand commercial but on the other hand, they come about from the transitional farming ban of this resource in Canary Island waters.
This species was mainly produced in Valencia Region (52 per cent) and in Murcia Region (45 per cent).
As to the value of aquaculture production, in 2011 the total turnover in the first sale resulting from the trade of Spanish breeding fish having marketable size reached EUR 246 million, representing 11.6 per cent from a year earlier.
The average value of all resources was EUR 5.77/kg, a figure which shows a 14.9 per cent increase over 2010.
The turnover of the Galician turbot industry in 2011 amounted to EUR 70.8 million, representing 35 per cent more than in 2010 (EUR 52 million).
Apromar report also explains that sea bream production generated profits for EUR 84.6 million; sea bass production produced EUR 71.2 million and that of croaker generated EUR 12 million.
Regarding jobs, in 2011 there were 1,862 direct jobs in marine aquaculture enterprises. Out of these, 1,692 were permanent jobs and 170 were temporary.
Finally, Apromar mentioned several proposals to boost marine aquaculture in Spain:
- Proper strategic planning of aquaculture and a consistent spatial arrangement would be helpful to considerably shorten proceedings;
- The effective coordination among autonomous regions in passing regulations, and in adopting the same criteria among communities at the time to interpret or improve higher nature standards, particularly European ones;
- The requirement that aquaculture farms should only have the occupation and use fees that is specific to them;
- The proposal of the adequacy of port dues to the actual uses these marine aquaculture businesses make and the encouragement of a uniform tax across all ports of Spain;
- The requirement that all farmed fish marketed in the European Union (EU) can prove equivalent production conditions and the promotion of production process enhancement;
- The request that farmed fish that are imported into the European market had been given feed meeting the same conditions as those required of EU producers;
- The address of those problems related to the information provided to consumers on fish at sale outlets.
By Analia Murias