Marine fish farming centre. (Photo: Magrama)
Aquaculture marine fish production grows 3.3pc
Thursday, May 02, 2013, 22:10 (GMT + 9)
Last year Spain produced 44,074 tonnes of aquaculture marine fish, representing 3.3 per cent more than in 2011, but it is still below the 48,400 tonnes, which were reached in 2009, reported the Business Association of Marine Aquaculture Producers (Apromar).
The increased production was that of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata): in 2012 a total of 19,430 tonnes was harvested, 14.8 per cent more than in 2011 (16,930 tonnes).
The maximum annual production of this species was recorded in 2009, with 23,930 tonnes; and the minimum in 2011, with 16,930 tonnes.
In Valencia 9,710 tonnes were produced, that is to say, 50 per cent of the total.
Murcia, with 3,880 tonnes (20 per cent of the total); Canary Islands, with 2,740 tonnes (14.1 per cent); Catalonia, with 1,570 tonnes (8.1 per cent); and Andalusia, with 1,530 tonnes (7.9 per cent) were located further back.
The production of juvenile specimens of sea bream reached 54.9 million units in Spain in 2012, representing an increase of 3.9 per cent over the previous year.
According to the data provided by Apromar and the European Federation of Aquaculture Producers (FEAP), the total aquaculture production of sea bream in Europe and the rest of the world in 2012 totalled 172,830 tonnes, 13.9 per cent more than in 2011 (151,746 tonnes).
Last year, the main producers were Greece, with approximately 68,000 tonnes (39.3 per cent of the total production); Turkey with 40,000 tonnes (23.1 per cent); and Spain, with 19,430 tonnes (11.2 per cent).
On the other hand, in 2012 Spain produced 14,270 tonnes of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) of aquaculture, 0.7 per cent lower than a year earlier (14,367 tonnes).
Andalusia led the production of this resource last year, with 4,000 tonnes (28 per cent of the total).
It was followed by Murcia, with 3,880 tonnes (27.2 per cent); the Canary Islands, with 3,500 tonnes (24.5 per cent); Valencia, with 2,500 tonnes (17.5 per cent); and Catalonia, with 390 tonnes (2.7 per cent).
The juvenile sea bass production in Spain amounted to 36.4 million units, which represents an increase of 9.9 per cent over 2011.
Apromar stated the total aquaculture sea bass production in Europe and the rest of the world in 2012 totalled 136,110 tonnes, that is to say, 8.7 per cent more than in 2011 (125,224 tonnes).
It was also indicated that aquaculture production of turbot (Psetta maxima) in Spain last year was 7,970 tonnes, 2.8 per cent higher than in 2011.
Galicia was the main autonomous community producer of turbot in Spain, with a particiaption of 99.2 per cent of the total.
Meanwhile, Spanish aquaculture production of croaker (Argyrosomus regius) was 1,640 tonnes, that is to say, 43 per cent less than a year earlier.
The main producing regions of this species were Murcia (with 61 per cent of the total) and Valencia (37 per cent).
Other resources produced by Spanish aquaculture in 2012 were:
- Eel: 460 tonnes;
- Sole: 194 tonnes;
- Red snapper: 187 tonnes;
- Shrimp: 32 tonnes.
By Analia Murias