Welcome to FIS   Sponsored By
Subscribe to FIS | Register with FIS | Advertise with FIS | Newsletter | About FIS | Contact us

This study focus on juvenile Seriola rivoliana, also known as kampachi or almaco jack. Photo courtesy of Ocean Era /Global Aquaculture Advocate

Testing diets without fishmeal and fish oil for kampachi

Click on the flag for more information about United States UNITED STATES
Tuesday, August 25, 2020, 05:00 (GMT + 9)

Results show potential for drastically reduced footprint for carnivorous finfish production

Reliance on marine-sourced fishmeal and fish oil is a primary limiting factor in the growth, profitability, and sustainability of the marine finfish aquaculture industry. For the species kampachi (almaco jack, Seriola rivoliana), several alternative ingredients have proven successful as partial replacements of fishmeal or fish oil – an important biological proof – but few ingredients meet the range of criteria necessary for commercialization.

In addition to reliable nutritional quality, successful alternative diets must be palatable to the species in question, must not alter the quality of the final product for consumers, and must be affordable. Despite several research-scale successes, commercial Seriola production in 2020 still utilizes diets primarily based on fishmeal and oils derived from wild-caught forage fish.

View of flow-through tank system used in this study at Ocean Era facilities in Kona, Hawai’i.

Through the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Saltonstall-Kennedy Grant Program, Ocean Era (formerly Kampachi Farms), Aquatic Feed Technologies and the F3 Future of Fish Feed team have worked together to create fish-free feeds for S. rivoliana that not only yielded competitive performance but were formulated with ingredients that are both abundant and cost-effective. Specifically, ingredients of interest were byproducts from the natural spirulina pigment market, low-cost poultry meal, and Veramaris™ algae oil. Poultry meal used in these diets was all pet-food grade (PFG).

The scope of the grant involved three separate grow-out trials for S. rivoliana from 2018 to 2020, with diet formulae evolving based on the results, and this article focuses on the results of the final trial in the series.

This material is based upon work supported by NOAA under contract number NA18NMF4270208. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of NOAA.

Photo: courtesy Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch

Study setup

The study was conducted in April 2020 at Ocean Era (Hawaii, USA) with 480 juvenile S. rivoliana randomly distributed into sixteen 4-ton tanks to initiate a comparative grow-out trial. The four treatments included a commercial control diet, and three fishmeal-free formulations with a shared base of pet-food grade poultry meal, wheat, soy protein concentrate and corn protein. One diet was identical to a formulation that had proven successful in the preceding Trial 2 (PM+FO); one diet replaced all fish oil in that formula with a blend of canola, flax, and Veramaris™ algae oils (PMnoFO); and one incorporated spirulina as a primary protein (PM+Spiru). Complete formulations are open access, available through the F3 Feed Innovation Network.

Diets were randomly assigned to each experimental tank in quadruplicate; tanks were originally stocked at 30 fish per tank and culled to 15 fish per tank at the start of Month 2, as dictated by density limitations. Fish were 145 days post-hatch at trial start, averaging 282 grams. Total trial duration was three months. Prior to trial start, all fish were held on a different commercial yellowtail feed in order to minimize any acclimation bias for the experimental feeds; all fish were subject to a diet change at trial start, including the Control fish (from one commercial diet to the Control commercial diet).

Kampachi Farms placed an offshore cage system growing Almaco jack (Seriola rivoliana). The company calls the project Velella Epsilon, and it is slated to operate in the southeastern waters of the Gulf of Mexico for six to nine months. (Photo courtesy of Kampachi Farms /Courtesy Global Aquaculture Alliance)

Fish were initially fed twice daily, switching to once daily when they reached approximately 1-kg average weight. Every four weeks, all fish were anaesthetized, weighed and measured (fork length). The biological feed conversion ratio (FCR) was calculated based on feed consumption and weight gain over the four-week intervals.

At trial completion, three fish from each tank (12 per treatment) were randomly selected for processing. Whole fish were weighed for total body weight, then viscera were removed and weighed separately to calculate viscerosomatic index, VSI (relationship between fish body weight and liver weight). Each fish was filleted, then right and left fillets (ribs on) were weighed separately, and the combined fillet weight was compared to whole fish weight to obtain percent yield. All fish were filleted by the same person to account for technique variation.(Continued...)

Authors: Helen Meigs, MAS Frederick Barrows, Ph.D. Neil Anthony Sims, M.Sc. Kelly Alfrey, B.S. / Global Aquaculture Advocate | Read the rest of the story by clicking the link here

[email protected]


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
Mar 4, 03:00 (GMT + 9):
Auction prices for common squid (todarodes pacificus) frozen on board │Hachinohe-Ogi markets (until Mar-02)
Mar 4, 02:00 (GMT + 9):
Import volumes │ Stock / Sales │ Frozen octopus | 2018-19-20
Mar 3, 21:00 (GMT + 9):
The southern Patagonian appeared and the illex squid catches went up
Mar 3, 19:00 (GMT + 9):
Japan firms send canned mackerel to poor kids in gratitude for 2011 aid
Mar 3, 17:00 (GMT + 9):
Fish Pool Salmon Price Status Report for week 9
Russian Federation
Mar 3, 08:00 (GMT + 9):
Prospects for farm-hatched salmon to supplement wild populations
United Kingdom
Mar 3, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Tesco takes action to improve marine sustainability, moving to a Seascape approach for tuna sourcing
United States
Mar 3, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Cargill partners with farmers to reduce carbon footprint of fish farming and protecting oceans
Mar 3, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
FISHING LAW IN PANAMA: A project that gathers the best international practices of fishing legislation
Mar 3, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Argentine shrimp campaign will begins on Friday
United States
Mar 3, 06:00 (GMT + 9):
Products derived from alaska pollock and pacific cod (NMFS of DAP in GOA-BSAI): surimi, fillet, roe, fishmeal and shirako | week 7
United States
Mar 3, 06:00 (GMT + 9):
Production DAP | BSAI and GOA | Pacific cod: roes, shirako (sperm) and stomachs │ week 7
Mar 3, 00:00 (GMT + 9):
Other Media | La Voz de Galicia: Portugal and Spain investigate how much sardine Galicia can fish
Mar 3, 00:00 (GMT + 9):
Other Media | Industrias Pesqueras: COVID-19 weighs on the import and export capacity of fishing in Spain
Mar 3, 00:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF | Digital Seafood Meeting: an opportunity to be seen

ISSF Report: 16 Tuna Stocks Not Meeting Criteria for Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Sustainability Standard
United States Now including bluefin tuna stocks, report reveals that seven stocks achieve passing score on MSC Principle 1, and most tuna RFMOs score well on MSC Principle 3 Independent fisheries scientists in A...
In 1st Day on Job, New WTO Chief Pushes for Fisheries Deal
Switzerland GENEVA - The new head of the World Trade Organization threw her support behind long-fruitless efforts among member countries to agree on fisheries subsidies that could reduce overfishing, calling the ...
Tesco takes action to improve marine sustainability, moving to a Seascape approach for tuna sourcing
United Kingdom     Tesco joins WWF in advocating a Seascape approach to better protect marine biodiversity     Sets out roadmap for putting new approach into action in it...
The Norwegian Pelagic Fishing Course in Week 8
Norway Historic blue whiting catch from "Slaatterøy" and on Møre, the herring was ready for spawning on arrival at Buagrunnen NVG herring: Finally, the herring arrived on M&osla...
Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation - Headquarters
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation - Wartsila Group Headquarters
ITOCHU Corporation - Headquarters
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd. - Group Headquarters
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
AquaChile S.A. - Group Headquarters
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods, Inc
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization - Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Brim ehf (formerly HB Grandi Ltd) - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Group Headquarters
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Mowi ASA (formerly Marine Harvest ASA) - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands | Headquarters
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
NOREBO Group (former Ocean Trawlers Group)
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation - Headquarters
Cooke Inc. - Group Headquarters
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart | Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) - Headquarters
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2021 Fish Info & Services Co.Ltd| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER