Greenpeace reveal new testimonials of abuses of Southeast Asian migrant fishers at sea
Tuesday, December 10, 2019, 21:00 (GMT + 9)
Thirteen foreign distant water fishing vessels have been accused of abusing migrant fishers from Southeast Asia, in cases so severe it has been characterised by many as “modern slavery”.
In Seabound: The Journey to Modern Slavery on the High Seas, Greenpeace Southeast Asia presents a snapshot of the living and working conditions of migrant fishers - mainly from Indonesia and the Philippines - who end up working onboard foreign owned distant water fleets. Forced labour, mistreatment, and rampant human rights abuses were common themes in 34 complaints as conducted through direct interviews, paper trail, and corroborative information.
Zhong Da 2 | Owner Name: Zhong Da Company Limited (China)►
A former crew on Taiwanese owned longliner Zhong Da 2 claimed to have been forced to work without enough rest and food.
Greenpeace Southeast Asia reached out to representatives from Zhong Da 2, as well as each of the other fishing vessels mentioned in the report (where contact information was available), but Zhong Da 2 provided no comment in response to these allegations.
Number of foreign crews employed by Taiwanese fishing vessels | Photo: Greenpeace Southeast Asia
The report also reveals a shady system of recruitment that traps many Indonesian migrant fishers in conditions of forced labor. Greenpeace Southeast Asia, with the help of Indonesian migrant workers union, Serikat Buruh Migran Indonesia (SBMI), analysed contracts, letters of guarantee and related documents.
In an investigation into illegal labour practices, one Indonesian migrant fisher onboard Taiwan owned fishing vessel Chin Chun 12 claimed to have not received any salary for the first six months; while another Indonesian migrant fisher onboard Taiwan fishing vessel Lien Yi Hsing 12 reportedly received only USD 50 in the first four months. Chin Chun 12 did not respond to the opportunity to comment while Lien Yi Hsing 12 responded and denied the accusations.
Sample Monthly Payslip | Photo: Greenpeace Southeast Asia
“Despite national policies to protect migrant workers and international treaties on fisheries management, it is unthinkable that modern slavery continues to thrive within the fishing industry,” said Arifsyah Nasution, Oceans Campaigner for Greenpeace Southeast Asia.
“This business-as-usual can no longer continue, and the never-ending complaints of injustice and abuse must be addressed immediately by all stakeholders. One migrant fisher suffering is one too many. It is absolutely vital that national laws securing migrant fishers’ rights are fully enforced, or, where they are absent, must be developed as soon as possible.”
Photo: Greenpeace Southeast Asia
With COP25 branded as the “blue COP” due to its focus on the oceans and on the eve of International Human Rights Day, Greenpeace Southeast Asia is calling for all 10 ASEAN member states, particularly, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand to take the lead to address overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, and modern slavery at sea. As one of the core recommendations, this would mean ratifying and implementing the International Labour Organization’s Work in Fishing Convention (C-188), in order to protect their citizens from human rights abuses on fishing vessels.