The Yemeni fisheries sector has suffered greatly from the volatile and deteriorating situation in the country. This has left many coastal communities without livelihoods and increased their vulnerability to negative economic developments and the fallouts of war. Within the framework of the EU-funded livelihoods recovery project, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) supports these conflict-affected coastal communities by creating job opportunities and protecting the livelihoods of many families. The project also contributes to the preservation of this traditionally important sector of the Yemeni economy.
Yemen's constitutionally stated capital is the city of Sana'a, but the city has been under Houthi rebel control since February 2015. Yemen is a developing country and the most corrupt country in the Arab world. In 2019, the United Nations reported that Yemen is the country with the most people in need of humanitarian aid in the world with 24.1 million.
Since 2011, Yemen has been in a state of political crisis starting with street protests against poverty, unemployment, corruption, and president Saleh's plan to amend Yemen's constitution and eliminate the presidential term limit, in effect making him president for life.President Saleh stepped down and the powers of the presidency were transferred to Vice President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who was formally elected president on 21 February 2012 in a one-man election. The total absence of central government during this transitional process engendered the escalation of the several clashes on-going in the country, like the armed conflict between the Houthi rebels of Ansar Allah militia and the al-Islah forces, as well as the al-Qaeda insurgency. In September 2014, the Houthis took over Sana'a with the help of the ousted president Saleh, later declaring themselves in control of the country after a coup d'état; Saleh was shot dead by a sniper in Sana'a in December 2017.This resulted in a new civil war and a Saudi Arabian-led military intervention aimed at restoring Hadi's government.At least 56,000 civilians and combatants have been killed in armed violence in Yemen since January 2016.
The conflict has resulted in a famine that is affecting 17 million people. The lack of safe drinking water, caused by depleted aquifers and the destruction of the country's water infrastructure, has also caused the largest, fastest-spreading cholera outbreak in modern history, with the number of suspected cases exceeding 994,751.Over 2,226 people have died since the outbreak began to spread rapidly at the end of April 2017
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